PART 1: HOW SORRY SHOULD WE FEEL ABOUT COMPETITIVE MODELS IN RESEARCH FUNDING?
If we sketch a typology of research funding possibilities for an individual researcher or for a team, we can identify the following models:
Permanent funding to a scientific team/structure/laboratory by a national research organism (e.g. the French CNRS);
Public funding from a public research council (regional, national or transnational) for the implementation of a given research project (e.g., the US National Science Foundation (NSF), the UK Research Council, the European Research Council, the ...